Peripheral urbanization and the UNCTAD III building in Santiago, Chile: continuity and disruption in grassroots engagement

  • Elke Schlack 1 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile 2 Universidad Andres Bello, Campus Creativo.
  • Paulina Varas Universidad Andres Bello, Campus Creativo
Keywords: governance, Santiago de Chile, ‘national modernization’, self- organization, peripheral urbanization

Abstract

Research has found that contestation has gained more attention in the urban development of Santiago de Chile. This contestation is seen by some scholars as the reaction to the predominant technocratic way in which consensus has been reached in the spatial planning of Santiago in the last decades. This article wants to showthe potentials for rekindling collaborative city-building experiences in a setting of governance and political democratic processes. Therefore, this study reviews specific experiences of production of urban space from the 1960’s 70’s in Santiago, noted for complex interactions and presence of organized resident, workers and grassroots actors. An emblematic public building – icon of the socialist regime – and peripheral housing estates – that represent the model of ‘self-organization’ – are shown to reveal the diversity of actors that were involved, the context of their formation and the interdependence they perform to reach consensus in urban development.

Author Biographies

Elke Schlack, 1 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile 2 Universidad Andres Bello, Campus Creativo.
Elke Schlack is Assistant Professor and reseacher at the School of Architecture of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile and undertakes research in collaboration with Paulina Varas at the Centro de Investigaciones Territoriales y Urbanas CITU at Andres Bello University/Chile. As architect and PhD in international urban development she has led public and university financed research projects and published work on the socio-spatial transformation of the city and its impact on public spaces, neighbourhoods and social sustainability with emphasis on the role of public policy, urban legislation and public participation. She is editor of the book ‘POPS – el uso público en el espacio urbano’, a critical approach on publicly used private spaces and coautor of diverse chapters on gentrification and contestation issues.
Paulina Varas, Universidad Andres Bello, Campus Creativo
Paulina E. Varas is a researcher and independent curator. Holds a PhD in the History and Theory of Art from the Universidad de Barcelona. She is professor at Campus Creativo in Universidad Andrés Bello in Chile and develop interdisciplinary research with other colleagues and students. She is co-coordinator of CRAC Valparaíso, a collaborative non-profit research platform that works in the city of Valparaíso. Since 2007, she has been a member of the Red Conceptualismos del Sur where she has participated in a number of publications, public presentations, support operations and working groups in Chile, Spain, Argentina, Peru, among others. She has authored or co-authored of different books about contemporary art, politic and activism. She has notably curated or co-curated different exhibitions in Chile and other countries in museums or contemporary centers. She has participated in projects of archive reactivation: CADA (Colectivo Acciones De Arte); Guillermo Deisler and Luz Donoso.
Published
2019-07-19
How to Cite
Schlack, E., & Varas, P. (2019). Peripheral urbanization and the UNCTAD III building in Santiago, Chile: continuity and disruption in grassroots engagement. DIE ERDE – Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin, 150(2), 86-100. Retrieved from https://www.die-erde.org/index.php/die-erde/article/view/400