Corruption and travel: effects of China’s anti-graft campaign on Macao

Tao Li, Li Sheng



Using differences-in-differences regression models, this research note tries to evaluate the effects of China’s anti-graft campaign on tourism in Macao. It finds that anti-corruption policies significantly curbed gambling with public money in Macao, causing a recent drop in Macao’s gaming revenue. Furthermore, the more strongly the campaigns have been enforced, the less tourists go to the city of Macao. Macao is urged to diversify its casino-dominated and mainland China-dependent economy.


gaming revenue, tourist arrivals, anti-corruption campaign, diversification

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

If a manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

Die ERDE charges the authors a page fee of € 25.– (no VAT required) for accepted and published articles to cover a part of the production costs.

This fee includes full open access to contents, no additional fee is necessary to allow everybody to access the PDF of the published paper. This means: you can freely distribute the final PDF, present it on your homepage and make links to the PDF from other web sites. In detail, Die ERDE uses the following copyright license:

Creative Commons License Articles published in Die ERDE are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

In April 2018 the Editorial Manager has changed. Please address all inquiries and correspondence to Dr. Verena Sandner Le Gall, sandner[AT]


Since 2011 all issues are openly accessible via this link
Older issues (back as far as 1833) are also open-access available – via