Spaces of transition: Young people’s social practices in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain)

  • Maria Carmen Díaz-Rodríguez Departamento de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de La Laguna, Campus de Guajara s/n; 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
  • Alejandro Armas-Díaz Departamento de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de La Laguna, Campus de Guajara s/n; 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
  • Luz Marina García-Herrera Departamento de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de La Laguna, Campus de Guajara s/n; 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
  • Juan Samuel García-Hernández Departamento de Geografía e Historia, Universidad de La Laguna, Campus de Guajara s/n; 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Canary Islands
Keywords: Young people, social practices, relational spaces, Spain

Abstract

Within the context of the growing interest in the study of young people in urban environments, the present article examines their relational spaces in a southern European city: Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain) –with a view to identifying the places they frequent and establishing whether or not the most widely-used ones form a spatial network offering them different recreational opportunities. Combining quantitative and qualitative methods, the paper explores the social practices of young people. The information obtained reveals the significance of open public spaces and shopping malls for young people generally, although differences are seen in their practices according to age, gender and social background. The results also suggest that, in the routes they take and their stays in the aforementioned places, young people create a network of meeting spaces that owes more to the construction of their identity than to the existence of complementary formulas for recreation.

References

Abbott-Chapman, J. and M. Robertson 2012: Adolescents’ ­favourite places: Redefining the boundaries between private and public space. – Space and Culture 12 (4): 419-434

Anderson, J. and K. Jones 2009: The difference that place makes to methodology: Uncovering the ‘lived space’ of young people’s spatial practices. – Children’s Geographies 7 (3): 291-303

Borja, J. 2011: Espacio público, jóvenes y derecho a la ciudad. – In: Trilla, J. (ed.): Jóvenes y espacio público. Del estigma a la indignación. – Serie General Universitaria 121. – ­Barcelona: 69-90

Danic, I. 2012: The everyday occupation of space by teenagers in a deprived neighbourhood: Conflict without mobilisation. – Population, Space and Place 18 (5): 659-668

Evans, B. 2008: Geographies of youth/young people. – Geography Compass 2 (5): 1659-1680

García García, A. 2011: El valor de la perspectiva geográfica para el análisis de los espacios públicos urbanos. – Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 55: 281-301

García Herrera, L.M., M.C. Díaz Rodríguez and A. Armas Diáz 2013: Social practices and gender in a historic public space: The Alameda in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). – Urban Research & Practice 6 (2): 158-173

Gough, K.V. and M. Franch 2005: Spaces of the street: ­Socio-spatial mobility and exclusion of youth in Recife. – Children’s Geographies 3 (2): 149-166

Harth, A. 2007: Open space and gender – gender-sensitive open-space planning. – In: Böhme, C. (ed.): The “green” city. – German Journal of Urban Studies 1/2007. – Online available at: http://www.difu.de/node/5961, 15/11/2014

Holloway S.L. and G. Valentine 2005: Children’s geographies and the new social studies of childhood. – In: Holloway S.L. and G. Valentine (eds.): Children’s geographies. Playing, living, learning. – London 2000: 1-26. – Reprinted in: Jenks, C. (ed.): Childhood. Critical concepts in sociology. – Vol. 1. – London 2005: 163-188

Hopkins, P. and R. Pain 2007: Geographies of age: Thinking relationally. – Area 39 (3): 287-294

Karsten L. 2002: Mapping childhood in Amsterdam: The spatial and social construction of children’s domains in the city. – Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 93 (3): 231-241

Langevang, T. and K.V. Gough 2009: Surviving through ­movement: The mobility of urban youth in Ghana. – ­Social & Cultural Geography 10 (7): 741-756

Langevang, T. 2008: Claiming place: The production of young men’s street meeting places in Accra, Ghana. – Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography 90 (3): 227-242

Lees, L. 2003: The ambivalence of diversity and the politics of urban renaissance: The case of youth in downtown Portland, Maine. – International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 27 (3): 613-634

Lefebvre, H. 1991: The production of space. – Oxford et al.

Madanipour, A. 2010: Marginal public spaces in European cities. – In: Madanipour, A. (ed.): Whose public space? International case studies in urban design and development. – London et al.: 111-130

Mäkinen, K. and L. Tyrväinen 2008: Teenage experiences of public green spaces in suburban Helsinki. – Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 7 (4): 277-289

Matthews, H., M. Limb and B. Percy-Smith 1998: Changing worlds: The microgeographies of young teenagers. – ­Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 89 (2): 193-202

Matthews, H., M. Taylor, B. Percy-Smith and M. Limb 2000a: The unacceptable flaneur: The shopping mall as a teenage hangout. – Childhood 7 (3): 279-294

Matthews, H., M. Limb and M. Taylor 2000b: The street as ‘thirdspace’. – In: Holloway, S.L. and G. Valentine (eds.): Children’s geographies. Playing, living, learning. – ­London et al.: 63-79

Mayring, P. 2000: Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse. – Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research 1 (2): 20. – Online available at: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0002204, 15/11/2014

Ministerio de Fomento 2011: Atlas de Vulnerabilidad Urbana de España. – Madrid. – Online available at: http://www.fomento.gob.es/MFOM/LANG_CASTELLANO/DIRECCIONES_GENERALES/ARQ_VIVIENDA/SUELO_Y_POLITICAS/OBSERVATORIO/Analisis_urba_Barrios_Vulnerables/, 15/12/2014

Nash, J.C. 2008: Re-thinking intersectionality. – Feminist Review 89: 1-15

Ortiz Guitart, A., M. Prats Ferret and M. Baylina Ferré 2014: Procesos de apropiación adolescente del espacio público: otra cara de la renovación urbanística en Barcelona. – Boletín de la Asociación de Geógrafos Españoles 65: 37-57

Revilla Castro, J.C. 2001: La construcción discursiva de la juventud: lo general y lo particular. – Papers. Revista de Sociología 63/64: 103-122

Robinson, C. 2000: Creating space, creating self: Street-frequenting youth in the city and suburbs. – Journal of Youth Studies 3 (4): 429-443

Skelton, T. and K.V. Gough 2013: Introduction: Young people’s im/mobile urban geographies. – Urban Studies 50 (3): 455-466

Shildrick, T., S. Blackman and R. MacDonald 2009: Young people, class and place. – Journal of Youth Studies 12 (5): 457-465

Sweeting, H., K. Hunt and A. Bhaskar 2012: Consumerism and well-being in early adolescence. – Journal of Youth Studies 15 (6): 802-820

Travlou, P. 2003: Teenagers and public space: Literature review. – Edinburgh. – Online available at: www.openspace.eca.ac.uk/pdf/appendixf/OPENspacewebsite_APPENDIX_F_resource_30.pdf, 28/05/2014

Travlou, P.S. 2004: A teenagers’ survivor guide to public spaces in Edinburgh: Mapping teenage microgeographies. – In: Proceedings of Open Space – People Space. An international conference on inclusive environments. – Edinburgh. – Online available at: www.openspace.eca.ac.uk/conference/proceedings/PDF/Travlou.pdf, 28/05/2014

Travlou, P., P. Eubanks Owens, C. Ward Thompson and L. Maxwell 2008: Place mapping with teenagers: Locating their territories and documenting their experience of the public realm. – Children’s Geographies 6 (3): 309-326

Vaiou, D. and A. Kalandides 2009: Cities of “others”: Public space and everyday practices. – Geographica Helvetica 64 (1): 11-20Valentine, G. 2000: Exploring children and young people’s narratives of identity. – Geoforum 31 (2): 257-267

Valentine, G. 2003: Boundary crossings: Transitions from childhood to adulthood. – Children’s Geographies 1 (1): 37-52

Valentine, G. 2007: Theorizing and researching intersectionality: A challenge for feminist geography. – The Professional Geographer 59 (1): 10-21

Vanderbeck, R.M. and J.H. Johnson 2000: “That’s the only place where you can hang out”: Urban young people and the space of the mall. – Urban Geography 21 (1): 5-25

Vanderstede, W. 2011: ‘Chilling’ and ‘hopping’ in the ‘teenage space network’: Explorations in teenagers’ geographies in the city of Mechelen. – Children’s Geographies 9 (2): 167-184

Published
2015-03-25
How to Cite
Díaz-Rodríguez, M. C., Armas-Díaz, A., García-Herrera, L. M., & García-Hernández, J. S. (2015). Spaces of transition: Young people’s social practices in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain). DIE ERDE – Journal of the Geographical Society of Berlin, 146(1), 79-89. https://doi.org/10.12854/erde-146-7
Section
Research articles